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LIGHTING BUYING GUIDE

Whether it’s for functionality or to set the mood, lighting has the ability to completely transform a room. Choosing between the different types of lights, bulbs and shades can be confusing, so check out our handy lighting guide and find plenty of bright ideas for your home.

Shop Lighting

Types of Lighting

Different types of lights serve different purposes, from creating ambience to aiding with work and study. The main types of lighting are:

Mood Lighting

Also known as ambient lighting, mood lighting usually refers to the main light source and helps to set the tone of the room.

Accent Lighting

Accent lighting is used to highlight specific features, objects or areas.

Task Lighting

Task lighting is focused lighting that’s used for specific jobs such as reading.

 
lighting

Lighting by Room

Bedroom Lighting Ideas

  • Many people like to read at night so table lamps are essential for flanking your bedside.
  • A statement pendant light hung above the bed or in the centre of the room makes an eye-catching feature.
  • Install a dimmer switch on the main light so you can adapt the brightness levels to suit different purposes.
  • In children’s rooms, flush wall and ceiling lights are safest while night lights and dimmer switches are perfect for little ones who are afraid of the dark.

Living Room Lighting Ideas

The living room is where the majority of time is spent so different lighting will be required for different purposes.

  • Place either table lamps or floor lamps next to your sofas and armchairs.
  • Ceiling lights or wall lights are both great options for living room lighting. As well as being functional, you can use them to highlight particular features like wall art or ornaments.
  • Dimensions are important; be sure to check ceiling heights and locations of plug sockets when choosing your lighting.
  • TIP: Adding mirrors to a room will reflect the light and help to make any space look instantly larger.

Landing Lighting Ideas

  • Staircases should be well-lit for safety reasons. Hang a bright pendant lamp at the top of the stairs; this will also create a shadow that helps to define each step.
  • For the actual landing, wall lights with dimmer switches are a good idea so the light isn’t too harsh at night.

Bathroom Lighting Ideas

Bathroom lighting needs to be planned with safety in mind. The bathroom is divided into three zones with different IP ratings which must be met:

Zone 0:

Inside the bath or shower tray. Light fittings must be rated at least IPx7, meaning they’re completely immersion-proof.

Zone 1:

The area above the bath or shower tray to a height of 2.25m from the floor. Any fitting in Zone 1 must have a minimum rating of IPx4 to be protected against water spray from all directions.

Zone 2:

Zone 2 is an area stretching 0.6m outside the perimeter of the bath or wash basin and to a height of 2.25m from the floor. An IP rating of IPx4 is also required here.

Zone 3 (Outside Zones):

Zone 3 is anywhere outside of the other zones where no water jet is likely to be used. No IP rating is required here but lights with an IP rating of IP44 are recommended.

  • Lights should have a pull cord or be turned on via a switch outside the room
  • Glass or ceramic lights are best as they’ll withstand humidity better than wood or fabric

Kitchen Lighting Ideas

  • Fluorescent lights and spotlights are perfect for kitchens as they provide a good level of general light
  • Plan your lighting in relation to the positions of your work surfaces and appliances
  • Pendant lights add a contemporary look to a kitchen and look great hung in a line above a kitchen table or breakfast bar
  • Avoid table lamps and anything with trailing wires as these can be hazardous in kitchens
 

Light Bulb Types

It’s important to know the differences between types of light bulbs so you always choose the right type for your light. Make sure you follow the manufacturer’s recommended wattage as over-amping can result in overheating and shattered bulbs.

Type

Incandescent

  • Also known as Tungsten
  • Lifetime of 1,000 hours
  • Only 2-5% of the energy is converted to light
  • Can get extremely hot, so always let them cool before handling
  • These are being phased out by EU regulations in favour of more long-lasting and energy-efficient light bulbs

LED (Light Emitting Diode)

  • Provide a warm, white light
  • Lifetime of 10-25,000 hours
  • Up to 90% more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs
  • Stay cool to the touch

Halogen

  • Provide a bright, white light
  • Lifetime of 2,000 hours
  • Most commonly used for spotlights, task lamps and flood lights
  • Can get extremely hot, so always let them cool before handling

Energy-Saving

  • Commonly referred to as CFL or compact fluorescent bulbs
  • Provide a warm, white light
  • Lifetime of up to 10,000 hours
  • Up to 80% more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs

Shape

Spotlight

  • Designed for bright, targeted spotlights
  • Classic

  • A traditional light bulb shape, suitable for a range of lights

Candle

  • A flame-shaped bulb, suitable for more traditional light fixtures and chandeliers

Spiral

  • A practical and energy-efficient bulb

Tube

  • Long, cylinder-shaped bulbs, also known as fluorescent lighting
  • Bulb Cap Types

    Bayonet

    • The most common bulb type in the UK
    • Has two prongs which fit into the reverse grooves in the socket using a push-and-twist action
    • Available as a Small Bayonet and a Large Bayonet
    • Also known as BC or B22

    Edison Screw

    • Simply screws into the socket
    • Available as an Edison Screw (also known as ES or E27) and a Small Edison Screw (also known as E14 or SES)

    Twist Lock

    • Often used in ceiling fittings that are flush to the ceiling and are housed in a circular case (e.g. spotlights)
    • Also has two prongs instead of a metal cap
    • Fit using a push-and-twist action
    • To change the bulb, unscrew the circular case from the housing inside the ceiling. The bulb is usually held by clips, which can be undone before removing the bulb with a gentle twist and pull
    • Also known as GU10
     

    Wattage & Lumens

    As traditional incandescent bulbs with their wattage ratings become phased out, it’s good to know the differences between wattage and lumens, the rating used with more energy-efficient modern light bulbs.

    Watts (W): The amount of energy a light bulb uses. The lower the light bulb wattage, the lower the electricity bill. CFLs and LEDs have a lower wattage than incandescent bulbs but emit the same light output.

    Lumens (lm): The amount of light emitted from a light bulb. More lumens means a brighter light. Standard 100-watt bulbs product around 1600lm.

     

    Energy-Saving Tips

    • Use LED or energy-saving bulbs where possible.
    • Be conscious of how many lights you have on and always turn lights out when leaving a room.
    • Use a sensor and timer on external lights so they’re only in use when they need to be.
    • Clean your bulbs, shades and fixtures regularly to get rid of dust and dirt that accumulates and absorbs light.
    • Avoid using a higher wattage bulb than necessary – this can make a massive difference to your electricity bill!
    • Use a range of lights which suit different purposes, e.g. a low background light while watching TV and a bright, concentrated light for reading.
    • Avoid using high watt bulbs in confined areas or for fixtures that require low watt bulbs as this is an extreme fire hazard.
     

    LIGHTING BUYING GUIDE

    Whether it’s for functionality or to set the mood, lighting has the ability to completely transform a room. Choosing between the different types of lights, bulbs and shades can be confusing, so check out our handy lighting guide and find plenty of bright ideas for your home.

    Shop Lighting

    Types of Lighting

    -

    +

    Different types of lights serve different purposes, from creating ambience to aiding with work and study. The main types of lighting are:

    Mood Lighting

    Also known as ambient lighting, mood lighting usually refers to the main light source and helps to set the tone of the room.

    Accent Lighting

    Accent lighting is used to highlight specific features, objects or areas.

    Task Lighting

    Task lighting is focused lighting that’s used for specific jobs such as reading.

    Lighting by Room

    +

    -

    Bedroom Lighting Ideas

    • Many people like to read at night so table lamps are essential for flanking your bedside.
    • A statement pendant light hung above the bed or in the centre of the room makes an eye-catching feature.
    • Install a dimmer switch on the main light so you can adapt the brightness levels to suit different purposes.
    • In children’s rooms, flush wall and ceiling lights are safest while night lights and dimmer switches are perfect for little ones who are afraid of the dark.

    Living Room Lighting Ideas

    The living room is where the majority of time is spent so different lighting will be required for different purposes.

    • Place either table lamps or floor lamps next to your sofas and armchairs.
    • Ceiling lights or wall lights are both great options for living room lighting. As well as being functional, you can use them to highlight particular features like wall art or ornaments.
    • Dimensions are important; be sure to check ceiling heights and locations of plug sockets when choosing your lighting.
    • TIP: Adding mirrors to a room will reflect the light and help to make any space look instantly larger.

    Landing Lighting Ideas

    • Staircases should be well-lit for safety reasons. Hang a bright pendant lamp at the top of the stairs; this will also create a shadow that helps to define each step.
    • For the actual landing, wall lights with dimmer switches are a good idea so the light isn’t too harsh at night.

    Bathroom Lighting Ideas

    Bathroom lighting needs to be planned with safety in mind. The bathroom is divided into three zones with different IP ratings which must be met:

    Zone 0:

    Inside the bath or shower tray. Light fittings must be rated at least IPx7, meaning they’re completely immersion-proof.

    Zone 1:

    The area above the bath or shower tray to a height of 2.25m from the floor. Any fitting in Zone 1 must have a minimum rating of IPx4 to be protected against water spray from all directions.

    Zone 2:

    Zone 2 is an area stretching 0.6m outside the perimeter of the bath or wash basin and to a height of 2.25m from the floor. An IP rating of IPx4 is also required here.

    Zone 3 (Outside Zones):

    Zone 3 is anywhere outside of the other zones where no water jet is likely to be used. No IP rating is required here but lights with an IP rating of IP44 are recommended.

  • Lights should have a pull cord or be turned on via a switch outside the room
  • Glass or ceramic lights are best as they’ll withstand humidity better than wood or fabric
  • Lights should have a pull cord or be turned on via a switch outside the room
  • Glass or ceramic lights are best as they’ll withstand humidity better than wood or fabric
  • Kitchen Lighting Ideas

    • Fluorescent lights and spotlights are perfect for kitchens as they provide a good level of general light
    • Plan your lighting in relation to the positions of your work surfaces and appliances
    • Pendant lights add a contemporary look to a kitchen and look great hung in a line above a kitchen table or breakfast bar
    • Avoid table lamps and anything with trailing wires as these can be hazardous in kitchens

    Light Bulb Types

    +

    -

    It’s important to know the differences between types of light bulbs so you always choose the right type for your light. Make sure you follow the manufacturer’s recommended wattage as over-amping can result in overheating and shattered bulbs.

    Type

    Incandescent

    • Also known as Tungsten.
    • Lifetime of 1,000 hours.
    • Only 2-5% of the energy is converted to light.
    • Can get extremely hot, so always let them cool before handling.
    • These are being phased out by EU regulations in favour of more long-lasting and energy-efficient light bulbs.
    • LED (Light Emitting Diode)

      • Provide a warm, white light.
      • Lifetime of 10-25,000 hours.
      • Up to 90% more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs.
      • Stay cool to the touch.

      Halogen

      • Provide a bright, white light.
      • Lifetime of 2,000 hours.
      • Most commonly used for spotlights, task lamps and flood lights.
      • Can get extremely hot, so always let them cool before handling.
      • Energy-Saving

        • Commonly referred to as CFL or compact fluorescent bulbs.
        • Provide a warm, white light.
        • Lifetime of up to 10,000 hours.
        • Up to 80% more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs.

        Shape

        Spotlight

      • Designed for bright, targeted spotlights
      • Classic

      • A traditional light bulb shape, suitable for a range of lights
      • Candle

      • A flame-shaped bulb, suitable for more traditional light fixtures and chandeliers
      • Spiral

      • A practical and energy-efficient bulb
      • Tube

      • Long, cylinder-shaped bulbs, also known as fluorescent lighting
      • Bulb Cap Types

        Bayonet

        • The most common bulb type in the UK.
        • Has two prongs which fit into the reverse grooves in the socket using a push-and-twist action.
        • Available as a Small Bayonet and a Large Bayonet.
        • Also known as BC or B22.

        Edison Screw

        • Simply screws into the socket.
        • Available as an Edison Screw (also known as ES or E27) and a Small Edison Screw (also known as E14 or SES).

        Twist Lock

        • Often used in ceiling fittings that are flush to the ceiling and are housed in a circular case (e.g. spotlights).
        • Also has two prongs instead of a metal cap.
        • Fit using a push-and-twist action.
        • To change the bulb, unscrew the circular case from the housing inside the ceiling. The bulb is usually held by clips, which can be undone before removing the bulb with a gentle twist and pull.
        • Also known as GU10.

    Wattage & Lumens

    +

    -

    As traditional incandescent bulbs with their wattage ratings become phased out, it’s good to know the differences between wattage and lumens, the rating used with more energy-efficient modern light bulbs.

    Watts (W): The amount of energy a light bulb uses. The lower the light bulb wattage, the lower the electricity bill. CFLs and LEDs have a lower wattage than incandescent bulbs but emit the same light output.

    Lumens (lm): The amount of light emitted from a light bulb. More lumens means a brighter light. Standard 100-watt bulbs product around 1600lm.

    Energy-Saving Tips

    +

    -

    • Use LED or energy-saving bulbs where possible
    • Be conscious of how many lights you have on and always turn lights out when leaving a room
    • Use a sensor and timer on external lights so they’re only in use when they need to be
    • Clean your bulbs, shades and fixtures regularly to get rid of dust and dirt that accumulates and absorbs light
    • Avoid using a higher wattage bulb than necessary – this can make a massive difference to your electricity bill!
    • Use a range of lights which suit different purposes, e.g. a low background light while watching TV and a bright, concentrated light for reading
    • Avoid using high watt bulbs in confined areas or for fixtures that require low watt bulbs as this is an extreme fire hazard